- Scott Nolen
- Stacia West
- Lorraine T. Dean
Research Project Description
First, we will collect qualitative (interview and photo-elicitation) data from Baltimore's pilot GI participants. We will conduct interviews with 40 randomly selected individuals in Baltimore's GI pilot initiative, evenly sampled from treatment (GI-receiving residents/communities) and control groups. At baseline, all participants will complete a validated scale on unmet health needs and be interviewed; the treatment group will be re-interviewed at 1-year follow-up. At baseline, a randomly selected subset of ten treatment group participants will be invited into a photo-elicitation project.
To implement this method, we will offer a training session on photo techniques and the ethics of community-based photography, and participants will be instructed to document (in still photographs over a 1-month period) the ways in which GI influences health. Participants will select ten photographs to discuss at the 1-year follow-up interview. All interviews will be transcribed and we will use a thematic analysis approach to coding, with acceptable inter-coder reliability rates of >=85%. We will compare baseline unmet health needs across treatment and control groups using t-tests, and pre- and post-intervention among the treatment group, using paired t-tests. For the quantitative analysis, we will access (through Dr. West) pooled data of over 5,000 participants in GI pilots across the entire nation, to assess the relationship between GI and social determinants of health, comparing treatment with control groups. After descriptive analysis, we will use regression analysis to assess the relationship between GI "treatment" (exposure) and social determinants of health (outcomes). We will produce stratified regression analysis by age group, race/ethnicity, gender, income, and GI receipt level to determine whether GI might have differential effects for different subgroups; models will control for geography, social service eligibility, health insurance, and demographics.
Scott Nolen has held a variety of research, legislative, and advocacy positions in the public health and juvenile and criminal justice fields. Before joining the Open Society Institute-Baltimore, he worked as a health scientist at the National Institutes of Health. From 2008 to 2009, Nolen served as a Congressional fellow for the American Association for the Advancement of Science working on health care reform in the Office of Senator Olympia J. Snowe.
Dr. Stacia West is faculty at the University of Tennessee College of Social Work and the co-Founder and Director of the Center for Guaranteed Income Research, where she leads over 20 mixed methods RCTs of guaranteed income. She is the co-PI of the Stockton Economic Empowerment Demonstration, the first modern city-led guaranteed income experiment in the US. Her research focuses on universal basic income, unconditional cash transfers, and wealth inequality.
Lorraine T. Dean
Dr. Dean is Associate Professor in Epidemiology at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. As a social epidemiologist, her work focuses on privilege and health, including social (racism, discrimination, social capital) and economic (consumer credit, socioeconomic position) determinants of disparities in cancer and HIV. She holds a BA from the University of Pennsylvania and a doctorate from Harvard School of Public Health.